Cambridge is an old English university town. The renowned University still makes it famous today. Before it became known for its university it was used as a crossing place over the river Cam.
An Iron Age Belgic tribe built a settlement there in 1st century BC, this area is now known as Castle Hill. The Romans then took over the town in AD40 followed by the Saxons’s and then in 11th Century, The Normans. Under the rule of William the Conqueror the Normans built a Castle in the fight against the Saxon rebel.
The University was formed due to scholars arriving from Oxford in 1209. The first University in Cambridge,Peterhouse,was founded in 1284 and was soon followed by many others. Clare (1326), Pembroke (1347) Gonville and Caius (1348) Trinity Hall (1350) and Christi in 1352. Ten more colleges where founded during the 15th and 16th Century’s. In total there are now 31 colleges.
In the 20th Century the city became a high tech centre for computer and bioscience innovation. Many important scientific research took place in the city including the splitting of the atom and much of the human genome as been mapped in Cambridge.
Many Famous scholars have been educated in Cambridge including Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, William Wordsworth, Stephen Hawkins, J M Keynes and Oliver Cromwell. In total 90 nobel prizes have been awarded to scholars of the University